Yellow Fever

An important vaccination that is a requirement before entering many countries, or returning to Australia if spending time in a Yellow Fever endemic country.

Yellow fever is a disease caused by a virus that is spread through mosquito bites. Symptoms take 3–6 days to develop and include fever, chills, headache, backache, and muscle aches. About 15% of people who get yellow fever develop serious illness that can lead to bleeding, shock, organ failure, and sometimes death.

It’s important to know if Yellow Fever is a requirement anywhere in your itinerary, otherwise you might either have to cut your trip short, receive a vaccine at the border of the country you’re trying to enter (and still may be denied entry) or be kept in quarantine in Australia on your return (see maps for South America and Africa).

Have a look at the map below to see where you’re travelling, but also make sure you know the entry requirements before you enter.

Here is the Australian Government’s list of countries that require a Yellow Fever Vaccination before being allowed back into Australia.


  • Angola
  • Benin
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the
  • Congo, Republic of the
  • Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Ethiopia
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Kenya
  • Liberia
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • Togo
  • Uganda

South America & Central America

  • Argentina – Misiones Province
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador excluding Galapagos Islands
  • French Guiana
  • Guyana
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Suriname
  • Trinidad
  • Venezuela

How can I protect myself against Yellow Fever?

The vaccine does go a long way to preventing Yellow Fever, as it is safe and almost 100% effective.

However avoiding mosquitoes is an added step that will also prevent against other conditions such as Malaria, Chikungunya, Zika and Dengue.

Here are some tips:

  • Wear a mosquito repellent containing DEET or picaridin
  • Wear light coloured, long-sleeved clothes when you’re outdoors
  • Avoid wearing perfume or cologne (some of these can attract mosquitoes)
  • Prevent mosquitoes entering your accommodation
  • Use a mosquito net at night-time (if mosquitoes are likely to be present)

Yellow Fever vaccination can ONLY be given at accredited vaccination clinics, such as Green Square Health. It is an important vaccine, so make sure you talk to your doctor if this is the right vaccine for you. It must be given at least 10 days before entry into a Yellow Fever endemic area, and is valid for life (some countries still only count it for 10 years – however the WHO is ensuring all nations accept a valid vaccination as providing lifelong exposure).

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